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Write Custom Functions for Adaptive Authentication

With adaptive authentication, it is possible to configure dynamic sequences based on runtime parameters such as the user’s IP address, user role, etc. in the WSO2 Identity Server. This feature allows you to define a dynamic authentication sequence using authentication scripts written in JavaScript. For more information, see Adaptive Authentication.

Custom functions that expose any useful WSO2 Identity Server core functions and any utility functions can be added as OSGi services. A core set of functions are available at the following GitHub location:

Write the function

The following steps provide some guidelines on how you can write custom functions for adaptive authentication.

  1. Create an Apache Maven module that has the packaging type as bundle and add the maven-bundle-plugin configuration.


    You may skip this step if you are adding a function to an existing component providing a related functionality.

  2. Create a functional interface (i.e., an Interface with a single public method). The method name and parameters should be the same as the ones you provide from js. You may need to use wrapper classes for any object classes (except number, string, and boolean).


    • The JavaScript function is as follows:

      var isBar = barMethod(context, "s2", {});
    • The functional interface is as follows:

          public interface FooFunction {
          boolean barMethod(JsAuthenticationContext context, String s2, CustomJsObject object);
  3. Create a class that implements the functional interface in the above step and implement your logic.

        public class FooFunctionImp implements FooFunction {
             boolean barMethod(String s1, String s2, CustomJsObject object) {


    It is recommended to throw errors from the Java methods to the authentication script. All the errors have to be handled by the method itself.

  4. Add JsFunctionRegistry service to the service component class.

                service = JsFunctionRegistry.class,
                cardinality = ReferenceCardinality.MANDATORY,
                policy = ReferencePolicy.DYNAMIC,
                unbind = "unsetJsFunctionRegistry"
        public void setJsFunctionRegistry(JsFunctionRegistry jsFunctionRegistry) {   
        public void unsetJsFunctionRegistry(JsFunctionRegistry jsFunctionRegistry) {
  5. In the bundle activator of the module, register the class created in step 3 in the JsFunctionRegistry service.

        protected void activate(ComponentContext ctxt) {
                FooFunction fooFunctionImpl = new FooFunctionImpl();
                JsFunctionRegistry jsFunctionRegistry = FooFunctionsServiceHolder.getInstance().getJsFunctionRegistry();       jsFunctionRegistry.register(JsFunctionRegistry.Subsystem.SEQUENCE_HANDLER, "barMethod", fooFunctionImpl);
        protected void deactivate(ComponentContext ctxt) {
                JsFunctionRegistry jsFunctionRegistry = UserFunctionsServiceHolder.getInstance().getJsFunctionRegistry();
                if (jsFunctionRegistry != null) {                  jsFunctionRegistry.deRegister(JsFunctionRegistry.Subsystem.SEQUENCE_HANDLER, "barMethod");
  6. If you have one class that implements many functional interfaces, you need to cast to that particular functional interface when registering.

        jsFunctionRegistry.register(JsFunctionRegistry.Subsystem.SEQUENCE_HANDLER, "barMethod", (FooFunction)fooFunctionImpl::barMethod);

Try it out

This section guides you to try out a sample adaptive authentication function.

Deploy a sample authentication function

  1. Build the sample using maven mvn clean install.
  2. Copy the org.wso2.custom.auth.functions-1.0.0 binary file from target directory into <IS_HOME>/repository/components/dropins directory.
  3. Restart WSO2 IS.

Configure the authentication script

To configure the service provider with a custom adaptive authentication script:

  1. Register a service provider.
  2. Expand the Local and Outbound Authentication Configuration section and click Advanced Configuration.
  3. Add the following script as the adaptive authentication script:
    var onLoginRequest = function(context) {
        executeStep(1, {
            onSuccess: function (context) {
                var userName = getUsernameFromContext(context, 1);
      "Username: " + userName);

This custom getUsernameFromContext() function can be used to retrieve the username from the authentication context.