Skip to content

JWT Token Generation

This section provides instructions on how to get the user claims of the authorized user as a JWT token with the validation response.


Add and configure the following properties as shown below in the deployment.toml file found in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf folder.

include_validation_context_as_jwt_in_reponse = "true"
validation_response_signing_algorithm = "SHA256withRSA"
validation_response_jwt_validity = "15m"
token_context_generator = "org.wso2.carbon.identity.oauth2.authcontext.JWTTokenGenerator"
token_context_claim_retriever = "org.wso2.carbon.identity.oauth2.authcontext.DefaultClaimsRetriever"
token_context_dialect_uri = ""

Add the following property to the deployment.toml file to use the JWT Token Builder instead of the default Token Builder.

access_token_type = "self_contained"

The following configurations are optional and can be configured as needed.

  1. See the Extension Points for OAuth topic for more details about the usage of the TokenGeneratorImplClass and ClaimsRetrieverImplClass.

  2. ConsumerDialectURI: Defines the URI for the claim dialect under which the user attributes need to be retrieved.

  3. SignatureAlgorithm: Defines the algorithm to be used in signing the payload that carries user claims. If you want to disable signing of the JWT token, set this element to "NONE".

    jwt_signature_algorithm = "none"
  4. AuthorizationContextTTL: Defines the expiry time for JWT token in minutes.


Instead of configuring the JWT token in the deployment.toml file, you can also choose to configure it using the management console while configuring the OAuth application.

Select JWT as the Token Issuer for a new or existing OAuth/OpenID connect consumer application. See Configuring inbound authentication with OAuth/OpenID Connect for more information.


Retrieving user claims with the JWT

User claims can be retrieved using the ID token or the userinfo endpoint. For more information, see Basic Client Profile with Playground.

You can access the userinfo endpoint with the received access token using the following curl command. As per the specification, the received bearer token is sent using the HTTP Authorization header.

curl -k -H "Authorization: Bearer 4164157d677a6cd3a22e26e24c30135d" https://localhost:9443/oauth2/userinfo?schema=openid

As the response, WSO2 Identity Server returns a JSON with user claims.

{"sub":"PRIMARY\/alex","email":"[email protected]","name":"Alex Anderson","family_name":"Anderson","preferred_username":"alexanders","given_name":"Alex"}

Signature verification

The signature verification can be done similar to the ID token signature verification.

The WSO2 Identity Server is shipped with a signed ID Token. This is provided in order to address some security vulnerabilities in a typical production environment. This topic provides information about using this signed ID Token for signature verification.

The portions of each token are separated by the full stop. To see the exact JSON values, do a Base64 decode for <header>.<body>.

  • If the unsigned ID token contains only 2 portions:

    Sample of unsigned ID token

    eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9 .

  • If the signed ID token contains 3 portions:

    Sample of signed ID token

    eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9 .

Validating the ID token signature

The following code segment is a simple Java program that can be used to validate the ID token signature against the default wso2carbon.jks public key in WSO2 products.

package org.sample;


import com.nimbusds.jose.JWSVerifier;
import com.nimbusds.jose.crypto.RSASSAVerifier;
import com.nimbusds.jwt.SignedJWT;

public class ValidateRSASignature {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        RSAPublicKey publicKey = null;
        InputStream file = ClassLoader
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
        keystore.load(file, "wso2carbon".toCharArray());

        String alias = "wso2carbon";

        // Get certificate of public key
        Certificate cert = keystore.getCertificate(alias);
        // Get public key
        publicKey = (RSAPublicKey) cert.getPublicKey();

        // Enter JWT String here
        String signedJWTAsString = "eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9.eyJzdWIiOiJhbGljZSIsImlzcyI6Imh0d";

        SignedJWT signedJWT = SignedJWT.parse(signedJWTAsString);

        JWSVerifier verifier = new RSASSAVerifier(publicKey);

        if (signedJWT.verify(verifier)) {
            System.out.println("Signature is Valid");
        } else {
            System.out.println("Signature is NOT Valid");