Bulk Import Users

This page guides you through importing users in bulk using the WSO2 Identity Server admin portal, SCIM, SOAP, a .csv file, or directly plugging in an existing userstore.


  • If the option to import users in bulk is not enabled in your product by default, you can enable it by adding the following property to the JDBC user store configured in the deployment.toml file (stored in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf directory). Please see the User Store management section for more information.

    is_bulk_import_supported  =  true
  • It is recommended to upload a maximum of 500,000 users at a time. If you need to upload more users, you can upload them in separate batches of 500,000 each.

  • You can also specify the size of the file that you can upload to the product in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/deployment.toml file as shown below. This value is in MB.

    file_size_limit = "100"

Use the SCIM2 API

You can create users in bulk using a SCIM request as shown below.


curl -v -k --user [username]:[password] --data '{"failOnErrors": [value],"schemas":[],"Operations":[{"method": [request type],"path": [end point],"bulkId": [bulk id],"data": [input user details] }] }' --header "Content-Type:application/scim+json" https://localhost:9443/scim2/Bulk

Below is a sample request and its corresponding response using SCIM 2.0.

Sample Request

curl -v -k --user admin:admin --data '{"failOnErrors":1,"schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:api:messages:2.0:BulkRequest"],"Operations":[{"method": "POST","path": "/Users","bulkId": "qwerty","data":{"schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:core:2.0:User"],"userName": "Kris","password":"krispass"}},{"method": "POST","path": "/Users","bulkId":"ytrewq","data":{"schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:core:2.0:User","urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:extension:enterprise:2.0:User"],"userName":"Jesse","password":"jessepass","urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:extension:enterprise:2.0:User":{"employeeNumber": "11250","manager": {"value": "bulkId:qwerty"}}}}]}' --header "Content-Type:application/scim+json" https://localhost:9443/scim2/Bulk

Sample Response


Use CSV files

In addition to manually adding individual users, you can import multiple users in bulk if you have exported them to comma-separated values (.csv) file or Microsoft Excel (.xls) file.

Create a file with users

You must first create a CSV file or an Excel file with the user information. It is possible to import the username and password directly from the CSV/Excel to the product. Other user attributes can be imported if claim URls are defined for such attributes. Shown below are the claim URls that are defined by default in WSO2 IS. These will allow you to import the user's email address, country, given name etc. in addition to the username and password.

  • http://wso2.org/claims/country
  • http://wso2.org/claims/emailaddress
  • http://wso2.org/claims/givenname
  • http://wso2.org/claims/im
  • http://wso2.org/claims/lastname
  • http://wso2.org/claims/mobile
  • http://wso2.org/claims/organization
  • http://wso2.org/claims/role
  • http://wso2.org/claims/streetaddress
  • http://wso2.org/claims/telephone
  • http://wso2.org/claims/url

The username, password and other attributes (claim URls) that you import should be given in a CSV file as shown below. Note that the first line of the file will not be imported considering that it is not a username.

name1,Password1,http://wso2.org/claims/[email protected],http://wso2.org/claims/country=France
name2,Password2,http://wso2.org/claims/[email protected],http://wso2.org/claims/country=France
name3,Password3,http://wso2.org/claims/[email protected],http://wso2.org/claims/country=France


The Ask Password option can be enabled for bulk user creation by passing a value for password and setting the askPassword claim to true as shown below.

name1,Password1,http://wso2.org/claims/[email protected],http://wso2.org/claims/country=France
name2,Password2,http://wso2.org/claims/[email protected],http://wso2.org/claims/country=France            name3,Password3,http://wso2.org/claims/[email protected],http://wso2.org/claims/country=France,http://wso2.org/claims/identity/askPassword=true

Import the CSV/Excel file

To import users in bulk:

  1. Log in to the management console.
  2. Click Add under Users and Roles in the Main menu.
  3. In the Add Users and Roles screen, click Bulk Import Users.
  4. The user stores configured for your product will be listed in the Domain field. Select the user store to which you want to import the users from the list.
  5. Click Choose File to give the path to the CSV/Excel file that contains the users that you want to import.
  6. Click Finish to start importing.


The default password of the imported users is valid only for 24 hours. As the system administrator, you can resolve issues of expired passwords by logging in as the Admin and changing the user's password from the User Management -> Users page. The 'Everyone' role will be assigned to the users by default.

Plug in a user store

Apart from this, users can also be added by directly plugging userstores into WSO2 Identity Server. For more information on this, see Secondary User Stores.